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HomeUncategorizedwhat is a network - its types नेटवर्क क्या है इसके टाइप्स

what is a network – its types नेटवर्क क्या है इसके टाइप्स

what is a network – its types


Network ek dusare se jo computer connect hote hai ek sath ap usse bhi network kah sakte hai



Network bahut sare computer jo ek sath connect hote hai wo network ke hi kahlate hai  hum jo 



Phone call karte hai dusare logo ko jo bich me jo tower ka kam karta hai wo bhi network kahlata 



Hai  computer ke apas me judana network kahlata hai  computer network ke maddat se hum ek hi Jagh rahkar dusare jagh ka kam kar sakte hai 


network device


Computer Networks Components

(1)Hub

(2)Switch

(3)Routers

(4)Gateway

(5)Modem

Defination Of Network Components


What is Hub ?

Hub


Hub ek parkar ka networking device hai jo ane wale sare jankari ko  network ke jariye  aage


Bhejata hai isme hub ke pass bh jankari ate hai  to wo aage usse connect ke sabhi device ko


Wo jankari bhejata hai  is case me hub ko ye pata nhi hota konsi jankari kis ke liye qki hub


Ko ye pata nhi hota ke kon se jankari kis device ke liye hai isliye wo sabhi  parkar ki jankari 


Packet  network me breadcast kar deta hai  hub ka dusara name non-intelligent device


Hai hub me half- duplex transmission mode ka paryog hota hai ?



What is Switch ?


Switch


Switch bhi ek network device hai jisse intelligent device ke name se bhi jana jata hai switch ka


Paryog  chote or bado dono tarh ki network me hota hai switch is khasiyat ye hai  ki jab iske 


Pass kese device ke koi jankari aate hai to use sidhe broadcast nahi karta q ki iske pass apna 


Data store karne ka space hota hai jaha wo sunichit karta ki aane wale jankari ke packet konSi device ke liye  hai.



What  is Routers?


Routers


Router ek networking device hota hai jiske kam se kam do network apas me judte hai isme ek


Software ka paryog hote hai jsike paryog se ek network se data dusare network ya device me


Transfer hota hai  ye ek parkar ke networking device ke roop me bhi jane jate hai  jo alag alag


Protocol ke anusar kam karte hai  ye osi model ke third layer mane jate hai  router network ko



Ip address ke anusar hi bhejata hai  q ki isme  router data  ko ip- address ke aadhar par filter karta hai


What is Gateway?

Gateway


Gateway node uss computer ko kaha jata hai  jiske istemal kise company ke network  ko ya


Isp ke traffic  or bandwith ko control  or  manage karne ke liye hota hai  jydatal isp khud hi gatway

Pardan karte hai user ko gharo me  jisse ki wo asani se internet se connect ho sakte yah gateway node Uss computer ko kaha jata hai  jiske istemal kise company ke network dawara  isp ke traffic or 


Bandwith ko control or  manage karne ke liye hota hai.

ISP –  Internet Service Provider


इन्हें भी पढ़े :-


What is Modem?

Modem


Modem modulate ya demodulate  ka roop hai  ye aise device hai jo signal ko modulate karke anlog


Roop me bhejte hai  wase modem me jyda jarurat lan me nahi hote lekin inke jarurat  dusare

Internet connection jaise ki dial – up  or dsl me jarur hote hai  modem bahut parkar ke hote hai 
Jo ki speed or transmission rate me ek dusare se differ karte hai  modem ka full form “Modulator demodulator” hota hai jo ki allow karta hai    



Types of Network


There are 11 types of  network today with full- form

  1. Pan  –        Personal Area Network
  2. Lan  –        Local Area Network
  3. Wlan –       Wireless Local Area Network 
  4. Can    –      Campus Area Network
  5. Man –        Metropolitian Area Network
  6. Wan –        Wide Area Network
  7. San –          Storage Area Network
  8. San –          System Area Network
  9. Polan –      Passive Optical Local Area Network
  10. Epn –         Enterprise Private Network
  11. Vpn –         Virtual Private Network


Types of  Network Defination 

1.  Pan


pan network



Personal area network personal network usse kahte hai jo hamara personal network hota hai 


Like – mobile ka blutooth, hotspot, own network ,jo apna personal network hota hai usse bolte hai


2. Lan 


Lan network



Local area network ye network bulding ke coverage ya school me use hota hai  jo sirf apne area me hi setup rahta hai isliye iske lan network kahte hai 


(3)Wlan


wlan network



Wlan ye network bina kise connection ke sangvad me kam aata hai  ye network radio or infrared Ke liye kam aata hai  ye ek trah ka local area network hai 


(4) Can

can network



Man network ye network ya hum isse controller area network ke name se jante hai  bahut sare lan ko 


Aaps me connect karke bada network banane ke liye  iska istemal kiya jata hai  is tarh ke network 


Aagar college campus me istemal hone lage toh   usse campus area network  can bolte hai 


(5)Man
man network



Man network ek sahar me jitne chote bade college  government office ke network ko jodhkar


Rakhta hai  ye network  Lan se bhi bada network hota hai is tarah ke network college meUse hone lage hai 

(6)Wan


wan network



Wan network pure dunia me use hota hai  ye network ka use ek state se country  ya phir



Internet ko connect karne ke liye usse kiya jata hai  wan network ke range 100000 km hai Jaise earth or setllite ke bich ke example – mobile phone, satetlite



(7)San 


san network kya hai



ye storage network  jo ki remote computer jaise  disk library  or optical ko server ko acche se Jodhta hai  san ki  lagat or jatilta kam hote ja rahe hai 


(8)Polan


polan network kya hai



Polan ek optical cable netwok ek fiber optical technic hai  jo broaband 
network ko  customer  tak Pahuchne ke liye hota hai  ye cable bahut hi jaruri hota hai.



(9)Epn


epn network kya hai



Ye network nijee network ek computer network hai jo ki bade company or office ke sath



Safty tarike se  jodne se maddat karta hai  ye network computer ko sanjha karne ke liye Bana hua hai


(10)Vpn


vpn network kya hai



Virtual private network ye network jiska use private network or wifi secure ke iye kiya


Jata hai  vpn ka use computer or mobile  dono me use karke data ko secure kiya kiya jata hai

More info in english  – Only for english  
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